Bạn đang xem: Polycystic ovary syndrome là gì

Androgen levels are often elevated, increasing the risk of metabolic syndrome Metabolic Syndrome Metabolic syndrome is characterized by a large waist circumference (due to excess abdominal fat), hypertension, abnormal fasting plasma glucose or insulin resistance, & dyslipidemia. Causes... read more và causing hirsutism Hirsutism & Hypertrichosis Hirsutism is the excessive growth of thick or dark hair in women in locations that are more typical of male hair growth patterns (eg, mustache, beard, central chest, shoulders, lower abdomen... read more

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. Hyperinsulinemia due lớn insulin resistance may be present and may contribute lớn increased ovarian production of androgens. Over the long term, androgen excess increases the risk of cardiovascular disorders, including hypertension & hyperlipidemia. Risk of androgen excess and its complications may be just as high in women who are not overweight as in those who are.


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Recent studies indicate that PCOS is associated with low-grade chronic inflammation and that women with PCOS are at increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Fatty liver is excessive accumulation of lipid in hepatocytes. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes simple fatty infiltration (a benign condition called fatty liver), whereas nonalcoholic... read more ( 1 Complications reference Polycystic ovary syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterized by mild obesity, irregular menses or amenorrhea, and signs of androgen excess (eg, hirsutism, acne). Most patients have multiple... read more

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(For evaluation and testing related to lớn management of comorbidities (eg, coronary artery disease, metabolic syndrome), see below Management of comorbidities Polycystic ovary syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterized by mild obesity, irregular menses or amenorrhea, và signs of androgen excess (eg, hirsutism, acne). Most patients have multiple... read more

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In women meeting these criteria, serum cortisol is measured to exclude Cushing syndrome Cushing Syndrome Cushing syndrome is a constellation of clinical abnormalities caused by chronic high blood levels of cortisol or related corticosteroids. Cushing disease is Cushing syndrome that results from... read more , và early-morning serum 17-hydroxyprogesterone is measured to lớn exclude adrenal virilism Adrenal Virilism Adrenal virilism is a syndrome in which excessive adrenal androgens cause virilization. Diagnosis is clinical và confirmed by elevated androgen levels; determining the cause may involve adrenal... read more

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. Serum DHEAS is measured. If DHEAS is abnormal, women are evaluated as for amenorrhea Evaluation Amenorrhea (the absence of menstruation) can be primary or secondary. Primary amenorrhea is failure of menses lớn occur by age 15 years in patients with normal growth & secondary sexual characteristics... read more .